About the Region

Castilla y León is an autonomous community in north-western Spain. It is the largest region in Spain, representing more than 18% of the total country area, and is the third largest region of the European Union, covering an area of 94,223 square kilometres with an official population of around 2.5 million people. The regional capital is Valladolid.

Until recently, agriculture was one of the region’s major economic sectors. Castilian-Leonese agricultural production still represents around 12% of Spain's primary sector. Despite that, the region is concentrating increasingly on the development of a knowledge-based economy. This is done by promoting sectors such as the aerospace industry, renewable energy and information and communication technologies, and by the modernisation or introduction of the innovation culture in, among others, food industry, metal machining industry and services sector – all considered traditional industries with deep historic roots in Castilla y León.  

The gross domestic product generated by the region's economy in 2016 reached €55,392 million, representing 5% of country's GDP. In 2016, the main component to the regional gross value added was the tertiary sector (69%), followed by the secondary sector (27%) and the primary sector (4%).


The Mining and Metallurgy Industry

According to the last published data in 2016 there were 449 active exploitations with 3,515 employees and a total value of production of 290,438,589 € in Castilla y León. In 2016 the region had 7 active coal exploitations and 1 of oil/gas. Coal mining has kept a strong activity in the northern provinces of León and Palencia since the last decades of the 19th century. Nevertheless, the coal mining activity began to decline in the 90’s and policies intended to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases have shortened dramatically the production of coal. The oil/gas exploitation, in production since 1967, also has a very small production today.

Nowadays there is only one active exploitation of metallic minerals, the Los Santos tungsten mine, that represents around the 90% of the national and 25% of the EU tungsten production respectively. A new tungsten mine, the Barruecopardo mine, is expected to start operations in 2019. There are also advanced projects of iron, lead-zinc and tin-tungsten that could be in production in a medium term, as well as interesting potential for mining exploration of copper, cobalt, nickel, gold and some other metals that were exploited in the past.

Industrial minerals represent in Castilla y León 44.5% of the value of production. The most outstanding activities in this field correspond to the exploitations of glauberite in Burgos and K-feldspar in Segovia. In both cases, Castilla y León is the national leader in production in Spain. The region has a magnesite exploitation in the Soria province, which was started up in 2015, that represents 25% of the national production.

For ornamental rocks, the most remarkable is the roofing slate sector in which Castilla y León represents 1/3 of the national production. Quarry products represent 73% of the regional exploitations and 40% of the jobs in the region. These activities are the most geographically widespread in the region.



The Los Santos mine was acquired by Almonty in September 2011.  The mine was originally opened in 2008 and commissioned in July 2010 by its former owner.  The Los Santos mine is an open-pit deposit located approximately 50 kilometres from Salamanca and produces tungsten concentrate. The Barruecopardo tungsten open-pit mine is owned and operated by Ormonde Mining and represents one of the largest tungsten reserves in Spain.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 776811 — H2020-SC5-2017.